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Your science glossary:

Angina chest pain that happens when not enough blood is getting to the heart

Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear that can be mild or severe

Atherosclerosis a disease of the arteries characterised by deposits of fatty material

Artery any of the muscular-walled tubes by which blood is conveyed from the heart to all parts of the body

Benign not cancerous

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term that describes a disease of the heart or blood vessels

Cervix neck of the womb

Chemotherapy - cancer treatments that use chemical substances

Cholesterol - a fatty substance in the blood

Collagen main structural protein in animal bodies

Cognitive behavioural therapy a form of therapy that works to solve current problems and change unhelpful thinking and behaviour

Contraindication - in medicine, a contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due to the harm that it would cause the patient

Depression - is a common mental disorder that causes people to experience depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self worth, insomnia, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy levels and poor concentration. Depression is different to just feeling down or sad

Endometrium - the inner lining of the womb

Endometriosis is a common condition where tissue that behaves like the lining of the womb (the endometrium) is found outside the womb

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) - one of the hormones essential to puberty development and the function of women‘s ovaries and men‘s testes

Hypertension high blood pressure

Hysterectomy - surgery to remove the uterus

Menopause when a woman stops having periods and is unable to get pregnant naturally

Menstruation a woman‘s period

Oestrogen - is one of the main female sex hormone and is responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system

Oophorectomy surgery to remove the ovaries, usually to treat or prevent ovarian cancer or other ovarian abnormalities

Osteoporosis (literally porous bones). It is a condition in which bones become thinner, weaker and can break easily.

Ovarian Suppression or ablation - the stopping the ovaries working temporarily or permanently using hormone treatment

Ovary - a female reproductive organ in which eggs are produced

Ovulations release of egg from the ovaries

Palpitations heartbeats that suddenly become more noticeable. It may feel like your heart is beating too hard or too fast, skipping a beat or fluttering

Parkinson's Disease is a condition in which part of the brain become progressively damaged over many years

Pathological - caused by disease

Peri-menopause - is the transition before the menopause, when a woman's ovaries gradually produce less oestrogen

Post-menopause - (after the menopause) when a woman hasn't had her period for more than a year

Premature menopause - menopause that occurs at 40 or younger

Progesterone is a hormone released by the ovary. It plays important roles in the menstrual cycle and in maintaining the early stages of pregnancy

Psychological related to the mental and emotional state of a person

Stroke is a serious and life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off

Testosterone a male sex hormone that is important for sexual and reproductive development. Women also produce testosterone, but at lower levels than men

Thrombosis the formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel, blocking the flow of blood

Transdermal delivered across the skin

Urinary incontinence - the unintentional passing of urine

Uterus a woman’s womb

Vaginal atrophy vaginal dryness

Vasomotor symptoms the medical term for symptoms such as hot flushes and night sweats

Venous thromboembolism when a blood clot breaks loose and travels in the blood

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